Partial removal of the cervix (conization)

Conization involves surgically removing a portion of the cervix

What is a conization ?

Conization (cone biopsy) consists of surgically removing a portion of the cervix.

The removed part is conical, its base is 1 to 2 cm wide, and its height averages 15 mm. It is most often performed in the presence of cervical abnormalities. Without treatment, these lesions can evolve after several years into cervical cancer of the uterus, which justifies the preventive removal of a portion of it.

The surgery has two main purposes.

It is used to confirm the exact nature of the lesion and its extent at the surface of the cervix and in the cervical canal portion which has been removed.
It is also therapeutic, i.e. it normalizes the cervix and reduces the likelihood of evolution into a cervical cancer.

What happens during the operation?

The procedure can be performed, depending on the case, under general or loco-regional (epidural or spinal) anaesthesia.

Conization is performed by natural means.

Are there any inconveniences or risks?

Conization is a common procedure that involves little risk.

The main risk is bleeding, especially in the first hours, and during the 15 days following surgery. In event of continuous bleeding you must consult the surgeon as soon as possible. Severe bleeding may require a packing to be placed inside the vagina using a mesh (compress). In rare cases, reoperation may be necessary.

Conization may cause some temporary pain similar to that of painful periods.

This surgery preserves the possibility of future pregnancy. The effects on fertility are rare. There is a slightly increased risk of preterm delivery for subsequent pregnancies, and you should mention this history of conization to your doctor in the event of later pregnancy.

Cervix narrowing (stenosis) can occur later, which prevents normal menstrual flow and subsequent cervix observation. This stenosis may require a simple dilatation and, rarely, reoperation. In rare cases, it can cause difficulty when opening the cervix during childbirth.

In practice

The patient is usually discharged on the same day of the operation;
A mesh or compress is sometimes left in place shortly after surgery and removed before patient discharge;
It is recommended to wait about a month after the operation to resume sexual activity;
Long trips and intense sport activities must be avoided for 20 days after the operation;
Don’t take baths for 15 days;
Histological examination of the conization portion is very detailed and requires approximately ten days. The result of this analysis is communicated during the post-operative visit;
If the amount of bleeding exceeds your usual menstrual flow after returning home, inform the surgeon immediately.

Partial removal of the cervix (conisation) in Nice

Because each patient is unique, with its own background and different experiences, trust the expert hands of Dr. Luka Velemir.