Main female infertility causes
Infertility is defined as difficulty falling pregnant naturally: in practice, it may take longer than average to get pregnant. Sterility is defined as not being able to fall pregnant naturally.
The main causes (sometimes combined) that could be at the root of female infertility are represented by:
An abnormality of the uterine cavity preventing egg implantation (polyp, synechiae, fibroid, T-shaped uterus)
Surgical exploration of female infertility
It may be interesting to surgically explore an infertile patient when this exploration can also be therapeutic meaning it can simultaneously offer treatment. Indeed, there are also imaging tests (ultrasound, MRI, hysterosalpingography) that can explore the fertility of a patient without the need to use anaesthesia. However, these tests only help to make a diagnosis (blocked tubes, fibroid …).
Laparoscopy, fertiloscopy and hysteroscopy are minimally invasive interventions carried out by camera that help to diagnose and simultaneously treat many diseases that cause infertility.